The Lorica segmentata was a type of segmented armour almost exclusively used in the Roman Empire .
The armour itself consisted of broad ferrous (originally iron, but steel in modern recreations) strips (‘girth hoops’) fastened to internal leather straps. The strips were arranged horizontally on the body, overlapping downwards, and they surrounded the torso in two halves, being fastened at the front and back. The upper body and shoulders were protected by additional strips (‘shoulder guards’) and breast- and backplates. The form of the armour allowed it to be stored very compactly, since it was possible to separate it into four sections. The fitments that closed the various plate sections together (buckles, lobate hinges, hinged hinged straps).